Vehicle Excise Duty as Environmental Tax

Vehicle Excise Duty as Environmental Tax

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This year's budget made some significant changes to annual road tax (vehicle excise duty or VED). The main changes included: introduction of six new VED bands from 2009-10, bringing the total number of bans to 13; applying this new regime of 13 bands to exisiting cars on the road first registered on or after 1 March 2001; and introduction of a new rate of VED for new cars in the first year in which they are bought. The Environmental Audit Committee's aims in this report were to examine the projected enivronmental impacts of these changes, to review how fair these changes are, and to make recommendations to the Treasury as to how it should proceed. The Committee felt that there was nothing intrinsically wrong in the rebanding of cars registered since 2001 but that there was a lack of data about the financial impacts of these change on lower-income groups. The new-first year rates were welcomed. However concerns remain that the differentials between VED bands are still not large enough to drive market transformation. The Treasury should have taken much greater care to explain the changes in VED in the Budget. If the point of green taxes is to change behaviour, they need to be properly publicised. In general, the Treasury needs to develop a proper communications strategy... car choose a greener model, then that cuts emissions and also saves them money, so the price signal is important. ... in 200809 to a more fuel-efficient choice (Ford Focus 1.6)9) in 2010-1 1 cuts VED paid from Ap145 to Ap35, a fall of 75%.

Title:Vehicle Excise Duty as Environmental Tax
Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Environmental Audit Committee
Publisher:The Stationery Office - 2008-08-04

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